Animal Behaviour and WelfareQuiz
Animal Behaviour and Welfare Coursera Quiz Answer | week (1- 4)

Coursera Animal Behaviour and WelfareQuiz | week (1- 4)

In this post You will get Coursera Animal Behaviour and WelfareQuiz | week (1- 4)

Animal Behaviour and WelfareQuiz
Animal Behaviour and WelfareQuiz

 

 

Animal Behaviour and Welfare

Offered By ”The University of Edinburgh”
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Week- 2
Module 2 – What Is Animal Welfare and Why Does It Matter?


Question 1
The Utilitarian view is an approach that some people use to decide whether it is acceptable to use an animal in a given situation. This view is often used when designing legislation that involves animals.
 
Which of the following statements best describes the Utilitarian view?
 
  • An approach that means we are ethically obliged to protect something if we have made an agreement to protect it – we may have indirect obligations towards animals because they matter to other humans.
  • The opinion that we should decide whether it is acceptable to use an animal based on our relationship with that animal, and its potential effect on other humans.
  • A view that animals have moral rights – this means that animals have a value separate of their impact on humans and there are some situations where it is never acceptable to use animals.
  • The idea that we should allow animals to remain as close to their natural state as possible – we should therefore not engage in any selective breeding or interference.
  • An ethical approach that involves the use of cost-benefit analysis; balancing the amount of suffering the action will cause (cost) with the benefit that the majority will receive; an action will be ethically justified if the benefits outweigh the costs.
 
 
Question 2
Consider this imaginary scenario: A donkey is being used to drag an extremely heavy cart. The cart contains all of the food that a village is likely to receive that season. The donkey is suffering throughout the trip and is unlikely to survive. If the food does not reach the village, the people will not survive. Which of the following choices would reflect a Utilitarian view of this scenario?
  • The use of the donkey is acceptable: the cost of the animal suffering is outweighed by the advantage of feeding a village.
  • The use of the donkey is not acceptable: we have a moral responsibility to protect animals in our care and the donkey should not be allowed to suffer. An alternative should be found.
  • The use of the donkey is acceptable: an agreement has been made between the person bringing the food and the people waiting for the food: the ethical obligation is to the village not the animal.
 
Question 3
Animal welfare science uses an objective approach to allow us to make decisions based on evidence about what the animal needs, rather than our emotional response to a situation.
 
  • True
  • False
 
Question 4
Read the following, and then consider the answer statements listed. For each answer option, decide if it is true or false.
 
The human population consumes a huge amount of animal products, with 60 billion land animals raised for meat each year. Intensive farming methods are often employed to meet this demand.
 
Mark the statements you believe describe potential animal welfare problems associated with intensive farming methods.
 
  • There are not enough stock people to look after huge numbers of animals, which means some animals may suffer and not be noticed.
  • Farmed animals would naturally live in stable social groups. Living in large groups chosen by stockpersons means problems such as aggression, bullying and serious injuries between animals can occur.
  • Animals are often kept in environments where they cannot exhibit natural behaviour, which can have an effect on both their physical and mental well-being.
  • Animals have too much space and are allowed to roam free.
  • Farms can make a large amount of money which may be used to improve animal conditions.
  • A large number of animals are humanely killed to provide meat for the population.
Question 5
Read the following, and then consider the answer statements listed. For each answer option, decide if it is true or false. Mark each statement you believe to be true, and leave unmarked each answer you believe to be false.
 
As the human population grows, so does the number of domesticated animals that we keep. This also means there are more strays living on the streets; worldwide there are an estimated 500 million stray or free-roaming dogs.
 
Which of the following are animal welfare problems associated with strays?
 
  • High numbers of stray animals may be having an effect on tourism.
  • Stray animals are often suffering from a number of untreated health issues.
  • The breeding of stray animals is often not controlled which has led to humans using inhumane and ineffective methods of getting rid of their growing population.
  • Stray animals are in danger of being hurt by vehicles, other animals or humans.
  • Culling the high numbers of stray animals is time consuming and expensive.
 
Question 6
Which of the following is a famous quote about animals from the British philosopher Jeremy Bentham?
  • “We need another and a wiser and perhaps a more mystical concept of animals.”
  • “The question is not, ‘Can they reason?’ nor ‘Can they talk’, but ‘Can they suffer?’”
  • “I think I could turn and live with animals, they are so placid and self-contain’d, I stand and look at them long and long.”
 
Question 7
If you have a companion animal, such as a dog, cat or horse, which of the following are you responsible for?
  • The animal’s physical health
  • The animal’s mental health.
  • The animal’s feeding and nutrition.
 
Question 8
True or False: Animal welfare has no real impact on human wellbeing
  • True
  • False
 
Question 9
Why do we use animal welfare frameworks, e.g. The Five Freedoms framework or the Duty of Care framework?
 
  • Frameworks encourage positive animal welfare.
  • Frameworks give us a common language we can use to discuss and compare animal welfare across different situations.
  • Frameworks are specifically targeted at certain groups of animals, for example the Duty of Care framework is aimed at companion animal welfare.
  • Frameworks give us ethical guidance to decide what is right for an animal.
 
Question 10
Animal welfare legislation is put forward at the global level, and all countries must obey these laws.
 
  • False
  • True
Question 11
Which of the following is NOT one of the Five Freedoms?
 
  • The Freedom From Pain, Injury and Disease
  • The Freedom to Play
  • The Freedom From Hunger and Thirst
  • The Freedom From Fear and Distress
  • The Freedom to Behave Normally
  • The Freedom from Discomfort
 
Question 12
Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the Duty of Care Concept?
 
  • It is only the animal’s caretaker who has a duty of care to that animal.
  • It is only the animal’s owner who has a duty of care to that animal.
  • Anyone who is responsible for an animal has a duty of care to that animal.
 
Question 13
True or False: The Five Freedoms can only be used for production animals
  • True
  • False

Week- 3
Module 3 – What We Can Measure We Can Manage


 

 

Question 1
What is speciesism?
  • Wanting to do research with as many different animals as possible.

     

  • Different levels of consideration given to an animal as a consequence of their species rather than any evidence of their ability to feel positive or negative emotions.

     

  • Allocating the same consideration to all species no matter our personal bias towards particular animals.

     

Question 2
What are the benefits to using an evidence based approach?
  • Evidence based measures have been designed to allow for objective assessment of an animal’s response rather than an assessment based on our subjective feelings towards the animal or situation.

     

  • With an evidence based approach, a large amount of laboratory equipment can be used to assess each animal and situation.

     

  • An evidence based approach allows us to depend on our subjective feelings towards the animal or situation when deciding how the animal is reacting.

     

Question 3
Why is it important to repeat the scientific process several times?
  • To find out if your results are similar (which would confirm your hypothesis) or different each time (which would suggest your hypothesis is wrong).

     

  • To make sure you get as many different results as possible

     

  • In order to keep your sample size very small

     

Question 4
Read the following, and then consider the answer statements listed. For each answer option, decide if it is true or false. Mark each statement you believe to be true, and leave unmarked each answer you believe to be false.
What kind of measurements are scientists able to routinely take from animals in order to assess their response to a situation?
  • Immunological

     

  • Behavioural

     

  • Physiological

     

  • Archaeological

     

  • Feet size

     

Question 5
What are the benefits of being able to objectively measure animal welfare parameters?
  • We can use our emotion to develop environments where animals will be happy

     

  • We are able to decide how to treat all species based on research done with one type of anima

     

  • We are in a better position to understand what is positive and negative to an animal, meaning we are better able to manage their welfare

     

Question 6
What does the term ‘anthropomorphism’ mean?
  • Ascribing human traits, ambitions, emotions or entire behaviour to animals

     

  • The physiological response of an animal to a stressor.

     

  • Research involving humans.

     

Question 7
Why is anthropomorphism a problem for animal welfare science?
  • Anthropomorphism allows scientists to be objective about their research

     

  • Anthropomorphism can make the animal uncomfortable during research

     

  • Anthropomorphism can lead to misinterpretation of the animal’s response to a situation

     

Question 8
Why is an ethogram (a list of behaviours and their descriptions) a useful tool in assessing animal behaviour?
  • Having an ethogram means no one else will have to spend time watching and describing animal behaviour in future studies.

     

  • An ethogram is the only way of recording an animal’s response to a situation.

     

  • Having a standardised and clearly described list of behaviours means they can be accurately recorded and utilised by anyone wishing to repeat the research.

     

Question 9
What do animal ‘choice tests’ allow us to measure?
  • Why an animal’s behaviour changes over time.

     

  • The physiological response of an animal to fear stimulus.

     

  • What the animal prefers and what it actively avoids.

     

Question 10
Using the principles of consumer-demand theory, an experiment was set up where a chicken was placed in a wire enclosure with the option to push through a weighted barrier that led to an enclosure with straw in it. The chicken continued to push through the barrier as its weight increased and would forage in the straw immediately after it gained access. What conclusions could be drawn from this experiment?
  • The chicken was willing to ‘pay a price’ to reach the straw which suggests that the straw was of significant value to the animal.

     

  • The chicken is physically healthy enough to push through weighted doors.

     

  • The chicken was not willing to use energy to reach the straw which suggests that the straw was not of value

     

Question 11
True or false? The sympathetic adrenal medullary (SAM) axis produces a fast acting response to stress to prepare the animal for fight or flight, while the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis is slower but longer acting.
  • True

     

  • False

     

Question 12
Which one of the following statements is true?
  • The production of cortisol is associated with the HPA axis and is a useful measure of how stress changes over time

     

  • Adrenaline is associated with long term, chronic stress

     

  • The production of cortisol is associated with the SAM axis and can only be measured as part of the fight or flight response

     

Question 13
Read the following, and then consider the answer statements listed. For each answer option, decide if it is true or false. Mark each statement you believe to be true, and leave unmarked each answer you believe to be false.
Measuring cortisol is one way of assessing what situations cause an animal distress; in what ways can cortisol be measured?
  • Behaviour

     

  • Faeces

     

  • Blood

     

  • Air

     

  • Urine

     

  • Milk

     

  • Saliva

     

Question 14
True or false. It is better to use only physiological or only behavioural measures instead of using both to assess animal welfare.
  • True

     

  • False

     

 
Question 15
True or false. Only factors that affect the offspring after they are born can have an influence on their development, behaviour and health in later life.
  • True

     

  • False

     

Question 16
What is the ‘trust your eyes’ or ‘qualitative behaviour assessment’ approach for describing animal feelings, pioneered by Professor Wemelsfelder?
  • A holistic method of assessing animal welfare that allows people to describe animal emotion without using objective measures; people showed surprising agreement and reliability in their labelling of behaviours

     

  • Research that focused on the use of eye movement to describe an animal’s response to stimuli; left eye movements indicate distress

     

  • An approach that uses colours rather than words to describe animal emotion

     

Week- 4
Module 4 – The Truth About Dogs and Cats

 
 
Question 1
There are numerous domains or aspects of animal welfare. Which statement best describes the most appropriate indicators of welfare?
 
  • The naturalness of an animal’s existence is the most important; if an animal is not in a natural environment it will have poor welfare.

     

  • Health is the most important aspect of animal welfare; we can measure health by studying animal behaviour.

     

  • Considering a combination of animal nutrition, environment, health, behaviour and mental or affective state is important in getting an overall picture of welfare.

     

  • Nutrition, environment, health and behaviour are important but the affective mental state of an animal is unmeasurable and unimportant.

     

 
Question 2
True or False. Owning a pet has been linked to health benefits, reduction in stress and development of empathy.
 
  • True

     

  • False

     

 
Question 3
Which one of the following statements is FALSE?
 
  • The welfare needs of an animal are different depending on whether they are a pet, a stray or in a shelter.

     

  • It is important to consider both physical and mental aspects of animal welfare when deciding whether an animal is suffering.

     

  • The welfare challenges that an animal faces will be very different depending on the situation of the animal, e.g. whether it is stray, a pet or in a shelter.

     

 
Question 4
Read the following, and then consider the answer statements listed. For each answer option, decide if it is true or false. Mark all of the true statements and leave the false statements unmarked.
 
Which of the statements below describe welfare problems frequently seen in animals kept as pets?
 
  • Voluntary socialisation with their own species

     

  • Providing a choice of beds

     

  • Lack of choice

     

  • Lack of exercise and obesity

     

  • Boredom and frustration

     

  • Behavioural problems

     

  • Access to the outdoors

     

 
Question 5
True or False? 90% of animal owners consider their animal’s weight before deciding on their feeding regime.
 
  • True

     

  • False

     

 
Question 6
According to the PDSA survey, what percentage of dogs are left alone for 5 hours or more on a regular basis?
 
  • 3%

     

  • 100%

     

  • 25%

     

  • 66%

     

 
Question 7
True or False? Cats living indoors have poor welfare while cats given access to the outdoors have good welfare.
 
  • True

     

  • False

     

 
Question 8
Signs of behavioural problems in dogs, for example property destruction, are usually signs of what?
  • The dog is born with this behaviour and it cannot be altered.

     

  • The dog is settled and content.

     

  • The dog is experiencing stress and altering its behaviour in order to cope.

     

  • The dog does not like the colour of your furniture.

     

 
Question 9
Read the following, and then consider the answer statements listed. For each answer option, decide if it is true or false. Mark all of the true statements and leave the false statements unmarked.
 
Pet cats can suffer from a number of welfare issues, what are three frequent welfare concerns for pet cats?
  • Pet cats are often fed ad libitum which means they are likely to experience obesity.

     

  • Outdoor cats are forced to use their skills in hunting and stalking prey.

     

  • Pet cats exhibit normal behaviours such as scratching and spraying indoors, which causes problems for their owner and means they are more likely to be rehomed.

     

  • Pet cats are given very comfortable places to sleep.

     

  • Indoor cats are particularly susceptible to boredom and lack of adequate exercise.

     

 
Question 10
True or False. Pet cats are always more comfortable living in a large group of cats.
 
  • True

     

  • False

     

 
Question 11
Read the following, and then consider the answer statements listed. For each answer option, decide if it is true or false. Mark all of the true statements and leave the false statements unmarked.
 
Stray animals are at risk of very poor welfare. From the list below, identify the problems often associated with stray dogs living on the street.
 
  • Hunger and thirst

     

  • Illness, injuries and disease

     

  • Freedom of natural behaviour

     

  • Lack of veterinary treatment

     

  • Voluntary socialisation with their own species

     

  • Fighting over resources

     

  • Conflict with humans and inhumane culling methods

     

  • The ability to make choices

     

 
Question 12
Read the following, and then consider the answer statements listed. For each answer option, decide if it is true or false. Mark all of the true statements and leave the false statements unmarked.
 
Identify the problems associated with stray cats living on the streets.
 
  • High levels of disease as unvaccinated cats live in close proximately to one another.

     

  • Injury occurring as a result of fighting or by attacks from humans.

     

  • Inadequate nutrition and food.

     

  • High mortality, particularly in kittens, due to exposure to the elements and lack of shelter.

     

  • Freedom to make choices.

     

  • Expression of all natural behaviours.

     

  • Insufficient interaction with humans.

     

 
Question 13
Read the following, and then consider the answer statements listed. For each answer option, decide if it is true or false. Mark all of the true statements and leave the false statements unmarked.
 
No-kill shelters do not euthanise healthy animals under any circumstances. Which of these statements are true with regard to no-kill shelters?
 
  • No-kill shelters will always have more space and more equipment to ensure animals experience none of the welfare concerns associated with stray or pet animals.

     

  • No-kill shelters have more staff than shelters that operate a euthanasia policy.

     

  • No-kill shelters have a limited capacity and must turn animals away, while shelters that euthanise animals can take in all animals and euthanise those that are unlikely to be rehomed.

     

 
Question 14
Although well-meaning, there are often significant welfare challenges for animals housed in shelters. Which of the following statements best describes some of the most important welfare problems that animals face from being housed in these conditions?
  • Animals often suffer from improper housing, inadequate feeding regimes, poor health and the development of behavioural problems.

     

  • Animals prefer to be housed individually and do not suffer from solitary confinement.

     

  • Animals are free to make choices in their movement and diet, will socialise with their own species and exhibit all natural behaviours.

     

  • Animals will suffer from a lack of kindness from the shelter staff who have opened shelters in order to make money.

     

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