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On April 16, 2012, the President of Argentina introduced a bill for the re-nationalization of the country’s largest energy company, YPF. In more concrete terms, Argentina expropriated the shares that a foreign investor (Repsol) held in the company.

1. On April 16, 2012, the President of Argentina introduced a bill for the re-nationalization of the country’s largest energy company, YPF. In more concrete terms, Argentina expropriated the shares that a foreign investor (Repsol) held in the company.

Into which of the following (explicit and implicit) barriers for investing in emerging market equity would you classify such an event?

 

  • Withholding taxes
  • Lack of transparency
  • Information asymmetry
  • Foreign ownership limits
  • Governance issues
  • Lack of familiarity