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Qualitative Research Method Quiz

Qualitative Research Method Quiz Answer. In this post you will get Quiz Answer & Assignment Of Qualitative Research Methods

 

Qualitative Research Methods Quiz

Offered By ”University of Amsterdam

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Week- 1

Peer-graded Assignment: Assignment A: Is Silverman right?

 

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Week- 2

Peer-graded Assignment: Assignment B: Observing on waiting around the world: Privatising Public Space

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Week- 3

Midterm exam

1.
Question 1
Why do qualitative methodologists talk about serendipity in qualitative
research, whereas in more quantitative research there is less stress on it?

1 point

  • As a
    philosophical position, it could be placed between realism and constructivism, which
    is an important middle position.
  • Because there is more room for flexibility in qualitative research, it enlarges the possibility of accidental findings.
  • Without reflexivity in qualitative research observations are seen as abstract
    descriptions.
  • It is an important aspect of the lifeworld of the participant, when studying
    interactions.

2.
Question 2
Which of the following statements is false?

1 point

  • An ontological position entails a view on knowledge
  • An epistemological position entails a view on knowledge
  • Positivism is an epistemological position
  • Constructivism is an ontological position

3.
Question 3
What is the main objective of ethnography?

1 point

  • To write about people you usually do not meet
  • To be able to use a variety of methods
  • To understand culture, norms, values and the social environment of a group
  • To be part of the social setting for a prolonged period of time

4.
Question 4
Pragmatism requires the researcher to be exclusively concerned with practical knowledge.

1 point

  • True
  • False

5.
Question 5
Participant observation does not provide:

1 point

  • Single type of data
  • Contextualized data
  • In-depth data
  • Naturally occurring data

6.
Question 6
Thick description is an in-depth and contextual description in order to represent reality as factual as possible.

1 point

  • True
  • False

7.
Question 7
Which of the following statements is false:

Deviant cases are relevant because:

1 point

  • Deviant cases can require modification of a theory
  • Deviant cases provide the best data
  • Deviant cases can provide additional support for a theory
  • Deviant cases are simply exceptional

8.
Question 8
Theoretical saturation means that no additional data are being found whereby the sociologist can develop properties of the category.

1 point

  • True
  • False

9.
Question 9
Which of the following is not a critique on triangulation?

1 point

  • Triangulation is often used to search for a single truth, so it is by definition focused on a single, unconstructed reality
  • It is impossible to compare an interview with an observation because you move away from the social context of both methods
  • Triangulation does lead to testing effects
  • Triangulation leads to a weak description of your findings

10.
Question 10
Abduction works like this:

The surprising fact, C, is observed; But if A were true, C would be a matter of course, hence, A is true

1 point

  • True
  • False

11.
Question 11
Abduction in qualitative research is:

1 point

  • A form of kidnapping ideas and building conspiracy theories
  • An analytical tool for doing focused observations in waiting rooms
  • A criterion for rigorous research
  • A creative and appealing form of guessing

12.
Question 12
Qualitative researchers tend to focus strongly on details as well as context. What is not an issue with the focus on details?

1 point

  • Inattentional blindness
  • For a focus on details the issue is on the range and depth of the focus: where to start description and where to end description?
  • Details and context are both independent of a researchers knowledge of the local situation
  • A focus on details is too much quick and dirty work

13.
Question 13
Qualitative researchers see the use of sensitizing concepts as key to good theoretical understanding, why?

1 point

  • A sensitizing concept is a stable concept, which defines exactly what specific empirical instances to look for
  • A sensitizing concept gives a definitive sense of reference and guidance in approaching empirical instances
  • A sensitizing concept is a very concrete/clear-cut concept and defines exactly what specific empirical instances to look for
  • A sensitizing concept gives a temporary sense of reference and guidance in approaching empirical instances

14.
Question 14
In the lecture it was argued that reflexivity could be seen as a confession on three levels. Which level was not considered in the lecture?

1 point

  • Personal
  • Ethical
  • Method
  • Theory

15.
Question 15
Generalisation is a big issue in more quantitative social research. In qualitative research:

1 point

  • Qualitative researchers just don’t care about generalisation
  • Many qualitative researchers generalise less to variation, but more to deviant cases
  • Many qualitative researchers generalise less to statistical representation, but more to populations
  • Many qualitative researchers generalise less to statistical representation, but more to variation

16.
Question 16
Which of the following forms of is not a form of theoretical saturation?

1 point

  • Saturation by using redundancy
  • Saturation by using variation
  • Saturation by using theory
  • Saturation by using complete representation

17.
Question 17
In naturalism social researchers are considered as part of the social world they study.

1 point

  • True
  • False

18.
Question 18
Which epistemological position fits this quote:

“Social reality has a specific meaning and relevance structure for the beings living, acting, and thinking within it”

1 point

  • Realist position
  • Interpretivist position
  • Positivist position
  • Pragmatist position

19.
Question 19
Which of the following philosophical positions places “natural” knowledge between brackets:

1 point

  • Positivism
  • Hermeneutics
  • Pragmatism
  • Phenomenology

20.
Question 20
Which of the following methods is central to Ethnography?

1 point

  • Biographical interviews
  • Participant observation
  • Surveys
  • Document analysis

21.
Question 21
Dramaturgical sociology as an observational paradigm entails:

1 point

  • Focusing on how people act, interact and form relationships to determine meaning
  • Focusing on the city and dealing with private and public
  • Focusing on the forms of social interaction & social types
  • Focusing on self-observation and auto-ethnography

22.
Question 22
Selective observation (Spradley, 1980) is focused on comparisons and nuances.

1 point

  • True
  • False

23.
Question 23
A researcher can win authority based on rhetorics only, by showing the hardships he or she went through in the research.

1 point

  • True
  • False

24.
Question 24
The problem with a focus is:

1 point

  • Sampling bias
  • Confirmation bias
  • Respondent validation
  • Deliberate blindness

25.
Question 25
People use Symbolic transformation (Lofland, 1973) as a way of privatising public space

1 point

  • True
  • False

26.
Question 26
What to note when taking field notes in an observational study depends on:

1 point

  • Your personal interests
  • Your research question
  • Your writing skills
  • The results you expect to get

27.
Question 27
A woman is screaming at her partner in the supermarket. They are a fighting couple.

This is an example of interpretation

1 point

  • True
  • False

28.
Question 28
When working with multiple interviewers on the same study, a structured coding scheme enhances:

1 point

  • Credibility
  • Internal reliability
  • Internal validity
  • External validity

29.
Question 29
Which of the following is the not a type of triangulation?

1 point

  • Triangulation of informants
  • Triangulation of researchers
  • Triangulation of ontology
  • Triangulation of methods

30.
Question 30
In qualitative research following strict procedures is crucial

1 point

  • True
  • False

 

Week- 4

Peer-graded Assignment: Assignment C Interviewing about Happiness around the world

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Week- 5

Peer-graded Assignment: Assignment D: Analysis of Privatising Public Space around the world

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Week- 6

Peer-graded Assignment: Assignment E: Writing about Happiness around the world

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Week- 8

Final Exam

1.
Question 1
Which of the following is not a vision of interviewing?

1 point

Interview as a topic

Interview as a tunnel (to the truth)

Interview as a method

Interview as a topic and a tunnel

2.
Question 2
Which of the following types are types of Grounded Theories?

1 point

Grand and middle-range theories

Objective and subjective theories

World system and rational choice theories

Substantive and formal theories

3.
Question 3
What is most important about rapport in interviewing?

1 point

It is also task-oriented behaviour and thus helps to enhance data quality

It makes interviewing more fun for the researcher and the interviewee

It is good for your self-esteem as and interviewer and your reputation as a kind person

It increases the chance that the interviewee will participate in future research

4.
Question 4
What is used by definition in a semi-structured qualitative
interview?

1 point

Predefined sequence of questions

Undefined sequence of questions

Open questions

Closed questions

5.
Question 5
Which of the following three aspects are used in all approaches in qualitative analysis?

1 point

Interpreting, describing and analysing

Describing, analysing and generalising

Data collection, transcribing and analysing

Data collection, interpreting and analysing

6.
Question 6
Analytic Induction and Grounded Theory are both rather inductive methods:

1 point

False

True

7.
Question 7
What is the main
objective of Grounded Theory?

1 point

To develop a pure methodology

To generalize to a population

To develop a theory based on data

To describe data grounded in theory

8.
Question 8
Why is coding in Grounded Theory so important?

1 point

Coding is a way to organise the constant comparison of data with data, data with concepts and categories

Coding helps you to confirm your newly developed theory by testing your codes

Coding enhances the quality of your research, because codes are short summaries

Coding is one of the good practices of qualitative research

9.
Question 9
According to Charmaz the ontological position of a
Grounded Theory researcher should be objectivist

1 point

False

True

10.
Question 10
Some
approaches of qualitative analysis are iterative.
What does iterative mean?

1 point

That the researcher follows the research cycle step by step

That the researcher goes back and forward between data and theoretical claims

That the researcher uses triangulation of methods

That the researcher repeats the data collection after finding contradictory cases

11.
Question 11
To ensure the best quality of gathered information
using open interviews, the best probing tactic is by definition:

1 point

Accommodating

It does not matter, probing techniques are more important

Challenging

Encouraging

12.
Question 12
Reflexivity
is not a part of the writing process

1 point

True

False

13.
Question 13
Mixing
methods could be useful because:

1 point

Quantitative methods are inferior to qualitative methods, so by mixing the quality of the research will increase

Quantitative methods and qualitative methods could complement each other

Quantitative methods and qualitative methods are incompatible

Qualitative methods are inferior to quantitative methods, so by mixing the quality of the research will increase

14.
Question 14
There
are five focal points in ethics, which of the following is not a focal point:

1 point

Privacy

Utilisation

Informed consent

Do no harm

15.
Question 15
An interview is a conversation with a purpose.

1 point

False

True

16.
Question 16
The purpose of the interview as a topic is:

1 point

To obtain useful information about stories and the life world of the interviewee

To obtain useful information about emotions and experiences facts of the interviewee

To obtain useful information about events and facts of the life of the interviewee

To obtain useful information through observation of the interview

17.
Question 17
Behaviour in interviews can be oriented towards:

1 point

The interviewee as an object

The interview as a good practice

The interview as a technique

The interviewee as a person

18.
Question 18
As a result of Oakley’s (1981) critique on the
interview as a power game, in the literature the emphasis shifted towards:

1 point

The interviewee as inferior to the interviewer

The interviewer as an expert

Stronger focus on rapport, trust and reciprocity

The interview as a neutral method of research

19.
Question 19
Probing means to respond to replies from the
interviewee with the aim to ask as many questions as possible within a limited
amount of time.

1 point

True

False

20.
Question 20
Which of the
following statements about content analysis and analytic induction is true?

1 point

Analytic induction is a more sequential approach

Content analysis is by definition less rigorous

Content analysis is a more sequential approach

Analytic induction is by definition less rigorous

21.
Question 21
Framework analysis can be seen a version of content
analysis.

1 point

False

True

22.
Question 22
Which of the following characteristics is not a key characteristic of Framework
analysis

1 point

Framework analysis expands data

Framework analysis retains links to original data

Framework analysis works with hierarchies of themes and sub-themes

Framework analysis is both a case and theme based approach

23.
Question 23
The difference between Framework Analysis and Content
Analysis is:

1 point

Framework analysis entails coding the data, whereas content analysis does not.

Framework analysis has clear definitions of codes, whereas content analysis has not.

Framework analysis reduces data through summaries and synthesis, whereas content analysis does not.

Framework analysis has strict interpretation rules, whereas content analysis has not.

24.
Question 24
According to Karl Popper (1959) verification is crucial for
the scientific method.

1 point

False

True

25.
Question 25
One of the objectives of qualitative writing is to
account for the author’s choices in the application of research methods.

1 point

False

True

26.
Question 26
A realist tale
involves:

1 point

A distanced author

A narrative format

Multiple interpretations of the studied life world

A clearly visible author

27.
Question 27
A common weakness of quite some published qualitative
research studies is:

1 point

Lack of flexibility

Lack of transparency

It has no weaknesses

Lack of subjectivity

28.
Question 28
Ethical
considerations are important in qualitative research:

1 point

To uphold your reputation as a researcher

Because of ethical boards

To gain authority in the field

Because researchers have a responsibility towards the people under study

29.
Question 29
Self-Doubt is the enemy of any researcher.

1 point

True

False

30.
Question 30
If you consider the interview as a topic, rather than a tunnel, you tend
to have a more

1 point

Objectivist view of the interview

Emotionalist view of the interview

Constructivist view of the interview

Positivist view of the interview

 

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